Euro NCAP To Test Autonomous Emergency Braking Systems
Euro NCAP – the body that assesses new car safety – might soon reserve its maximum five-star rating for those with Autonomous Emergency Braking (AEB). Euro NCAP divides this technology into two forms: AEB City and AEB Inter-Urban. The former operates at town speeds and the latter at higher velocities. An AEB system monitors the road ahead via sensors then calculates the required stopping distance to the nearest hazard, e.g. slow moving lorry. If this becomes to small the system might warn the driver via an alert. This could be a beeping tone and flashing light. If the motorist fails to react - perhaps because he/she is distracted or panics – it performs a full-power emergency stop to ensure that the vehicle misses the hazard, or to reduce the severity of the impact. Clearly, such systems have the potential to significantly reduce the number of people killed and injured on the roads. As such, from January 2014 Euro NCAP will “give credit to vehicle manufacturers that equip their models with robust forward collision warning and/or automatic braking technology”. It will therefore award points for a car's AEB City and AEB Inter-Urban systems. These will be one to indicate marginal effectiveness, two for adequate and three for good. These then contribute to an overall star rating (one to five).
Thatcham Research Discusses Autonomous Emergency Braking
Thatcham Research – that defines vehicle insurance group ratings based (in part) on the their safety features – has recently been testing this technology. Its Chief Executive Peter Shaw said: “The vast majority of major vehicle manufacturers are already providing AEB technologies on their vehicles and - such is their effectiveness - we are delighted that international safety body Euro NCAP will incorporate the Thatcham led test as part of their overall vehicle safety standard in 2014. We expect that by 2016 cars will find it increasingly difficult to achieve a five-star rating unless they have this powerful safety measure. UK insurers are already offering favourable insurance groupings on vehicles fitted with AEB as standard – a clear sign of its effectiveness.” Mr Shaw added: “The evidence from our testing is undeniable, and combined with a growing body of real world research and evidence we firmly believe that AEB and other Advanced Driver Assist Systems have a critical role to play in avoiding both common low-speed bumps that can cause injuries such as whiplash, and mitigating injuries and fatalities from medium-speed crashes.