Grants To Make Buses More Environmentally Efficient
Clean Bus Technology Fund
Five local authorities will receive grants to retrofit buses with environmentally friendly technology, the Department for Transport has confirmed. The Clean Bus Technology Fund will, therefore, improve air quality as the vehicles will produce less pollutants. This is particularly beneficial for those with breathing problems such as asthma, etc. As such, ninety-two buses will be fitted with selective catalytic reduction technology that forms part of the exhaust system. The benefiting authorities are: Brighton and Hove City Council (£750,000 for fifty buses), Sunderland City Council and Durham County Council (£275,500 for nineteen buses), Oxford City Council (£199,995 for eleven buses), Swale Borough Council (£150,000 for ten buses) and the City of York Council (£23,700 for two buses). These authorities were chosen following careful consideration of funding bids from thirty-one councils. Furthermore, nine-hundred buses throughout the capital have already been upgraded thanks to a £5 million grant that was matched by the Mayor. The result – the Department for Transport has claimed - is a 'significant reduction in pollution'.
Baroness Kramer Discusses Clean Bus Technology Fund
Baroness Kramer – a Liberal Democrat and Member of the House of Lords – said: 'This extra funding means more buses can be cleaned up so that they put out less pollution. Dozens of buses in five distinct areas will be improved with the money I am making available today, improving air quality for local communities. It will also boost jobs and growth by helping to stimulate our cutting edge green technology.' She added: 'I look forward to seeing the results of all the initiatives under the Clean Bus Technology Fund'.
How Selective Catalytic Reduction Technology Works
A selective catalytic reduction system reduces the volume of nitrogen oxide that flows out of the exhaust pipe. This requires it to propel urea – which breaks down nitrogen oxides – through a catalyst into the exhaust stream of a diesel engine. This sets-off a chemical reaction that converts nitrogen oxides into nitrogen/water. Clearly, this benefits the environment and the people that live in it. The urea solution is stored in a tank that must be replenished periodically, perhaps as the vehicle receives it annual service. According to FactsaboutSCR.com, such a system can also improve a vehicle's fuel consumption which reduces its operating costs. That could be critical for an operator that is struggling to remain profitable in a tough economy. Interestingly, selective catalytic reduction technology is also utilised aboard tug boats, cargo ships, and passenger ferries.